THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN STEM AND STEAM
STEM and STEAM are educational approaches that aim to integrate different subject areas to provide students with varied learning experiences and problem-solving skills. STEM incorporates Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics, while STEAM adds Arts to the mix. Traditionally taught as separate subjects, these approaches allow students to integrate these subjects, leading to a more comprehensive understanding of the subjects and providing them with skills to solve real-world problems.
What Is STEM?
STEM is an acronym that stands for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math. The focus of STEM education is to equip professionals with the necessary skills and knowledge to compete in a global economy. This includes specialized fields such as statistics, biology, psychology, economics, agriculture, and aeronautics.
While STEM jobs contribute to economic advancement through innovation, the rapid pace of technological change means that some previously required skills and tasks may become obsolete. The STEM fields represent a dynamic set of industries. Therefore, it is essential for students to not only acquire subject-matter knowledge but also develop the flexibility and well-roundedness necessary to adapt to changes as they occur.
What Is STEAM?
STEAM is a solution to the major drawback of STEM. It is an educational approach that integrates Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts and Mathematics. It makes use of basic STEM principles and integrates them in and through the arts. Moreover, it incorporates creative thinking and applied arts in real situations.
Additionally, some people feel that adding arts to STEM is not very useful as the main aim of STEM is to encourage students to pursue higher education and career in the fields of science, mathematics, technology, and engineering. However, arts is not only about painting or working in a studio, but it is about discovering and creating novel ways of problem-solving. Furthermore, Georgette Yakman, a founder of the STEAM initiative, describes STEAM as “Science and Technology, interpreted through Engineering and the Arts, all based in elements of Mathematics.”
What Is the Difference Between STEM and STEAM?
The key difference between STEM and STEAM is that STEM is an educational approach that integrates Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics while STEAM is an educational approach that integrates Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts, and Mathematics. STEM does not focus on other areas such as arts, music, and writing. However, STEAM incorporates art with STEM. So, we can consider this as another difference between STEM and STEAM.
STEM stands for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics whereas STEAM stands for Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts, and Mathematics. The key difference between STEM and STEAM is that STEAM focuses on arts whereas STEM does not.